Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Quantifying Patient Ventilator Asynchrony

SERVO-i Ventilator screen. Using NAVA monitoring & captured screen shots to quantify patient ventilator asynchrony.

Patient ventilator asynchrony is present in the majority of ventilated patients [1].

One of the most difficult components of patient ventilator assessment is actually recognizing asynchrony. Authors of the following study “Efficacy of ventilator waveforms observation in detecting patient–ventilator asynchrony” ‘[2] demonstrate how challenging identifying asynchrony is, even for the seasoned physician.

Sunday, March 18, 2012

CPT Sham

Why do we keep on performing Chest Physical Therapy?

This recent Cochrane Database review reinforces that CPT does not improve outcomes [1]. 


This is a further update of the original Cochrane review published in 2005 and updated in 2007. Acute bronchiolitis is the leading cause of medical emergencies during winter in children younger than two years of age. The main objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of chest physiotherapy in infants aged less than 24 months old with acute bronchiolitis. A secondary objective was to determine the efficacy of different techniques of chest physiotherapy. The researchers searched various past studies including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) which contains the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialized Register.  Selection included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which chest physiotherapy were compared against no intervention or against another type of physiotherapy in bronchiolitis patients younger than 24 months of age. Finally, two review authors independently extracted data. The primary outcomes included respiratory parameters and improvement in severity of disease. The secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay, duration of oxygen supplementation and the use of bronchodilators and steroids. No pooling of data was possible.

Thursday, March 1, 2012

The Minimal SSI Strategy

Stress Index (Si) Displayed on the SERVO-i Ventilator. 

In 2009 Brunner & Wysocki proposed that there is an optimal breathing pattern to minimize stress & strain during mechanical ventilation [1]. Stress and strain are primary causes of ventilator induced lung injury (VILI), so it would be imperative to provide a breathing pattern which decreases the chances of VILI.