Thursday, September 29, 2011

Waveform of the Week: “Golden Moment”

Image 1: Screen of the FLOWi anesthesia delivery system, showing the "Golden Moment" highlighted with blue circle.

It has been over a year since writing a waveform of the week post; however I have incorporated ventilator waveform pictures in recent posts. The waveform for this week is termed the “Golden Moment”

Monday, September 19, 2011

Decreasing Dyspnea during Mechanical Ventilation

Flow Mismatch Associated with VC-CMV

Utilizing Volume Control-Continuous Mandatory Ventilation (VC-CMV) may lead to patient ventilator asynchrony [1] and dyspnea. The main reason for these issues is the fixed (constant) flow rate associated with VC-CMV.

Sunday, September 4, 2011

Automatic Setting of T-Low during Airway Pressure Release Ventilation: Is it Beneficial?

Setting T-Low during APRV (a.k.a. Bi-Level, Bi-Vent) can be confusing and time consuming, to make it even more complicated there are three published techniques on how to set T-Low [1].

One method is setting T-Low based on the measured peak expiratory flow rate [2, 3]. The new Draeger Evita Infinity V500 ventilator allows the operator to set an “Auto-release” based on zero (0)-to- 80% of the Peak expiratory flow. This feature is nice since the operator does not have to continually assess the waveform &titrate the T-Low setting.

Conversely, this may be the least effective way to set T-Low in regards to lung protective goals, due to the inconsistent exhaled tidal volumes & auto-PEEP created with this technique [4].


[2]. Richey, S. (2009). Optimal T-Low Settings.

[3]. Richey, S. (2010). A Quick & Easy Way to Set T-Low During Airway Pressure Ventilation.

[4]. Richey, S. (2011). Setting T-Low During Airway Pressure Release Ventilation to Achieve Lung Protective Goals.